UNICORNIO (Bicórnio, Tricórnio,Tetracórnio, Pentacórnio)
Antologia de inéditos de autores portugueses contemporâneos, organizada por José–Augusto França.
Numbers 1-5 (each with changing title, subsequently: Unicórnio, Bicórnio, Tricórnio, Tetracórnio, Pentacórnio). Lisbon, Imprensa Libânio da Silva, May 1951- December 1956. Bound in blue morocco (binding signed Victor Santos), raised bands and gilt lettering on spine and front, top rouged, other edges untrimmed. (26 x 20 cm.). The very nice original illustrated front and back-wrappers of all issues bound in. Illustrations (lino- and woodcuts) in the text, 3 illustrations tipped into text and 9 hors-textes. The first number is duplicated with an untrimmed (lightly foxed) separate number containing the 3 hors-textes which were not included in the bound volume. This set belonged to Luiz Pacheco (Lisbon,1925-), and has several annotations by him. "Unicornio" includes extensive annotations with blue pencil, including a few designs in his hand. "Tetracórnio" is one of 30 copies on special paper, signed and numbered in blue ink "Nº 29 J–A França" in bottom margin of verso of title page. The bound volume is offered TOGETHER WITH additional de-luxe copies off numbers 2 and 3. Each issue 19 x 24 cm in illustrated covers, untrimmed and both in excellent condition as follows: No. 2: Bicornio, Lisboa, Abril 1952; Apparently one of the de-luxe edition limited to 30 copies. The cover is a jute-over-stiff cardboard wrapper, ornated on the front by a handmade silkscreened copy of an original painting by Fernando Lemos and illustrated by 3 hors-textes by Antonio Pedro and linocuts by Fernando Azevedo. No.3: Tricornio. Lisboa, 15 Nov. 1952; Cover is ornated by a handmade silkscreened copy of an original painting by Roberto de Araujo, 3 hors-textes by Almada Negreiros and vignettes by Fernando Lemos. The 3 hors-texts in number 1 are "Nu", fotografia de fernando Lemos; a drawing by F. Azevedo and a drawing by Vespeira.
This journal, directed and edited by José-Augusto França, aimed at offering an anthology of Portuguese avant-garde, and had close ties to Surrealism. Complete sets are quite rare. (No. 1: 64 pp, and 3 plates; No. 2: 64 pp.and 3 plates; No. 3: 64 pp. and 3 plates; No. 4: 72 pp.and 3 illustrations tipped into text; No. 5: 70 pp.) This periodical was privately printed in an unjustified edition of probably not more than 200 copies, in order to escape the attention of the censors as it included much material that would displease the Salazar regime. The aim of the editor was to unite prose, poetry and essayistic work of all avant-garde directions. The journal thus became a true anthology of Portuguese avant-gardes and its collaborators included modernists and postmodernists from the generation of Presença, as well as neo-realists, together with surrealists. Contributors included: Adolfo Casais Monteiro, António Pedro, José Augusto França, Fernando Azevedo, Jorge de Sena (among his several pieces is one on D.H. Lawrence, with a translation of the poem "Democracy"), Eduardo Lourenço, Alexandre O'Neill, and José Blanc de Portugal. There are also contributions by Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, António Sérgio, Delfim Santos, José Régio, Vitorino Nemésio, Almada Negreiros, Hernâni Cidade, Joel Serrão, Miguel Torga, Fernando Pessoa (a previously unpublished essay in Tricórnio, "O Orpheu e a literatura portuguesa"), David Mourão–Ferreira, Eugénio de Andrade, Fernando Namora, Ferreira de Castro, João Pedro de Andrade, José Osório de Oliveira, Luiz Francisco Rebello, Mário Dionísio, Tomás Ribas, Urbano Tavares Rodrigues, Ruy Cinatti, Tomás Kim, Fernando Lemos, Oscar Lopes, Alberto de Lacerda, and others. In the fifth number França wrote a final note announcing the termination of the review, saying that it had failed due to excessive ambition and lack of contributors. Artistically this review is significant with covers by Fernando Azevedo, Fernando Lemos (in particular nos. 2 and 3, which have extremely stunning silkscreened designs, as described above), Vespeira, also vignettes, woodcuts and linocuts by Almada Negreiros, Fernando Lemos, António Pedro, Roberto de Araujo, a.o. [Provenance: The bohemian critic, polemicist, writer of fiction and publisher Luiz Pacheco, collaborated in A afixação proibida, the first Portuguese surrealist manifesto. See Ana da Silva in Machado, Dicionário de literatura portuguesa; Jorge Colaço in Biblos, III, 1338–40; and Dicionário cronologico de autores portugueses, V, 42.]