This scarce expatriate Beat-journal was edited/compiled by Ira COHEN in Morocco, with contributions by William Burroughs, Ian Summerville, Brion Gysin, Harold Norse, Allen Ginsberg, Michael McClure, J. Sheeper, Jack Smith, Marc Schleifer, Mohammed Ben Abdullah Yussifi, J. Weir, Stuart Gordon, Tatiana, and Alfred Jarry. The Antwerp Publisher Roger Binnemans of the ‘Ontwikkeling’ took care of printing and distribution of this legendary underground magazine. A copy of Gnaoua is to be seen in Daniel Kramer’s photograph on the front cover of Bob Dylan’s record sleeve ‘Bringing it all back home’ (1965). Look for it on the mantelpiece! The title Gnaoua comes from a Black African sect known for its exstatic dancing (Exorcism).